ED95 has been developed for challenging weather conditions in the north and therefore it also contains special components which improve cold start. Ethanol diesel is not suitable for standard diesel engines. Ethanol requires an engine which materials, fuel nozzles and starter motors are designed for high ethanol content. As such, diesel engine does not run with ethanol due to its low ignition, i.e. due to the high octane rating.
At present, only diesel engines suitable for ED95 are manufactured by Scania. The use of Ethanol diesel is being extended in Finland by encouraging experiences in pilot cars.
Read more about ED95-engine technology on Scania’s website:
Read more about domestic ethanol production on St1’s website:
Product and safety data sheets: Ethanol diesel ED95
ED95 typically contains 92% aqueous ethanol, 5% flammability enhancers and 3% ethers and isobutanol, which act as denaturing agents.